Re: 9 and 10 star Flag Question
Based on the portrait, which looks like Christopher Columbus, my first guess would be that your fan is a souvenier of the Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. I don't think that the number of stars on the flags is especially significant. Folk art representations of the flag often have oddball numbers of stars and/or stripes.
We have several collectors here who are more knowledgeable than I am about this sort of thing -- I hope that one or more of them will chime in.
"We live by symbols, and what shall be symbolized by any image of the sight depends upon the mind of him who sees it."
-- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.